There are many individuals all throughout the United States that are suffering from different skin pigmentation disorders. Half of those people may know exactly what skin pigmentation is, while the other half are still clueless regarding the whole topic. Include yourself with being on the half where skin pigmentation is a known topic. Who would not want to know more about the skin condition that they are facing, right?
One thing is for sure, having a certain skin pigmentation disorder could cause psychological issues for people. The reason for that is because your skin is the largest and most exposed organ on the body, and having certain discolorations or skin conditions could cause self-esteem issues.
Self-confidence is important and it has a direct relationship with how the skin looks. A person’s physical appearance could have a big impact on how they feel about themselves, which is important for overall confidence.
Find out more about the types of skin pigmentation disorders that are common. Learn about how those certain skin conditions could be prevented and what treatments are popular in that market today for treating them.
You may think that you know a lot about pigmentation disorders, but you might not know the essential details regarding these conditions that you need to understand.
Get a helping hand from this article about skin pigmentation disorders and learn what you could do if you are suffering from them.
How Does Skin Get Its Color?
Have you ever wondered how the skin gets its color? Well, the skin’s color is determined by a pigment called melanin. There are skin cells that help produce this pigment and they are called melanocytes. As you may have already noticed, everybody that you meet has their own personal skin color. Some may be darker than others may of course, depending on their race, where they live, temperatures, and other internal and external factors.
What Happens When There Is Hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation occurs when there is an increased number or hyperactivity of the melanocytes on the skin. Hypopigmentation is the opposite, and this happens when there is a lessened number of melanocyte’s activity.
What Are Some Common Skin Pigmentation Disorders?
Skin pigmentation disorders could affect a partial portion of the skin, while some conditions could even affect the entire surface of the person’s skin. Here are the most common skin pigmentation disorders:
1. Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation – Darkening of the skin that follows an inflammation and injury to the skin.
It usually follows other skin conditions such as contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, acne and physical skin trauma. This type of skin hyperpigmentation disorder could last for months and even years.
The treatment is a bit difficult and long term but the condition could be treated with certain topical creams, specific medications and laser therapy.
2. Melasma – This is another type of skin hyperpigmentation disorder. It is characterized by brownish spots or patches on areas of the skin exposed to sunlight. The usual areas that melisma is seen is on the forearms and face. Women who are pregnant also tend to have it but it does disappear after they give birth. People taking certain birth control pills and anti-convulsants could also develop melisma. Prevention of it could be focused on wearing sun screens to prevent its severity.
3. Ephelides – Another name for this condition are freckles. They are light brown to red macular lesions that could be located on the face, neck, arms and chest. This usually happens during child hood years after a certain degree of sun exposure. Since they do tend to disappear, there is really no treatment needed but some use local medications.
4. Solar Lentigines – This skin condition is also referred to as liver spots. They are hyperpigmented spots that are seen on a short to long-term basis when there is overexposure to UV rays. They can appear on the face, forearms, hands, chest, back and legs. They are commonly seen in people who are Asian or Caucasian. Treatments include topical and ablative therapies. Chemical peels, laser treatments and cryotherapy could also be done to help lessen its appearance.
5. Café-au-lait Macules – This hyperpigmentation skin disorder is typically seen during birth or the early years of a person’s life. They are brownish to tan area on the trunk of the body.
Diagnosis of this skin condition may be a bit tricky, because having more than five lesions could indicate another disease such as suberous sclerosis, Fanconi anemia and Albright syndrome.
If this skin condition does not indicate another type of medical illness, treatments include laser therapy and surgery.
What to Do When You First Notice Hyperpigmentation
If you are suffering from a certain skin pigmentation disorder, the best move to make is to visit a dermatologist. The reason for that is because a dermatologist is a skin doctor that has studied the entire anatomy, physiology and conditions related to the skin.
They have a better idea of what ingredients, products and procedures could help you treat your hyperpigmentation. You could ask the skin doctor about any concerns about your skin so that you can gain more knowledge about your questions.
You dermatologist knows more about the products in the market that are safe and effective for the skin.
If you have done research and seen products that claim to treat hyperpigmentation, make sure to bring this product up with your skin doctor to get a confirmation.
They will be checking and talking to you about the ingredients that each product contains, so that you know what will really help you with lessening the appearance of hyperpigmentation.
Remember to choose a dermatologist that has positive feedbacks and is qualified to handle your concerns.
Skin pigmentation disorders are not treated as a medical emergency. But even if they are not serious medical illnesses, it could still affect a person’s self-esteem. Treatments and procedures could help you lessen the appearance of pigmentation skin disorders.