Pigmentation of Skin 8 Facts About Brown or Black Spots

Pigmentation of Skin: 8 Facts About Brown or Black Spots

Call it whatever you want – brown spots, age spots, liver spots, or simply spots caused by too much sun or acne. Whatever you want to call it, one thing is for sure: you are experiencing pigmentation of skin.

For many, skin hyperpigmentation is a serious problem. Aside from affecting your overall look, it also affects your self esteem and how you view yourself as a whole. The truth is not all brown spots are serious. And medicine will never run out of solutions for pigmented skin.

So before you panic and think that something serious is going inside your body, here are the some facts and most important things you should know about hyperpigmentation of skin.

Understanding Melanin

Before you look into the different causes and treatments for pigmentation of your skin, you need to understand the main pigment that is responsible for it: melanin.

The skin is an amazing organ. Aside from covering and protecting the whole body, it is capable of regeneration, a temperature regulator, a storage center for water and fat, and a shield against water loss and bacteria.

skin’s melanocyte cellsEvery person’s skin comes in different colors based on the amount of melanin one has in the body. Melanin is a type of pigment that is produced by the skin’s melanocyte cells. The darker the color of your skin, the more melanin it contains.

If the amount of melanin, particularly eumelanin, in your body has only small amounts, your skin is lighter and the color of your hair is blonde.

Aside from skin color, melanin is also responsible for the color of your hair, your eyes, the area around the nipples, and even the stria vascularis of the inner ear.

8 Facts About Pigmentation Of Skin

Hyperpigmentation of the skin may seem difficult to process, especially when you are not in the medical field. But there is no need to worry. Here are some things you should know about why certain spots of your skin are getting darker compared to the other areas in your body and the different treatments available for pigmentation of skin.

  • Your Skin Gets Its Color From Melanin. Melanin is a pigment produced by melanocytes. When the melanocyte cells become damaged, unhealthy or hyperactive, melanin production will be affected which results to patches on the skin and for some, the entire body.
  • Hyperpigmentation Is A Type Of Skin Condition.
    It is characterized by a darkening of an area of your skin caused by overproduction of melanin.
    Generally, it is harmless and not a serious condition but for cosmetic reasons, it can be annoying and embarrassing for many.
  • There Are Many Reasons Why Your Skin Darkens. This includes too much sun exposure, sun damage, genes, hormonal changes, effect of certain medications such as antibiotics, age, and skin injuries.
  • Skin Pigmentation Happens Only In The Epidermis. Epidermis is the outer and visible layer of your skin.
    As a matter of fact, any skin discoloration does not affect the dermis or the middle layer of the skin. For instance, if you forgot to put sunscreen on your trip to the beach, only the epidermis will react to the UV rays.
    This means that the melanocytes will produce more melanin to protect the skin from sun damage, causing it to become darker.
  • There are different types of skin hyperpigmentation disorders. Some of these disorders are:
    • Albinism or the partial or total lack of melanin in the skin.
    • Melasma or the mask of pregnancy since it usually appears on the faces of pregnant women. It forms dark brown and symmetric patches of pigment on your face.
    • Pigment Loss After Skin Damage.
    • Vitiligo or smooth, white patches on the skin. This is caused by the loss of melanocytes on the skin.
    • Lentigo or age spots that usually comes with aging. If your dark spots are due to regular sun exposure, it is called solar lentigo.
  • There Is No Magic Pill That Can Instantly Remove Dark Spots On Your Skin. However, there are treatments available that can reduce your skin’s dark spots. Some of the available treatments are:
    • Alpha Hydroxy Acids. AHAs, such as glycolic and lactic acid can help remove the build up of dead surface cells that are already pigmented. This can help lessen any discoloration.

    • Skin Lightening Creams. This type of products contains lightening ingredients such as hydroquinone, kojic acid and retinoid. Be careful when buying lightening creams since you’ll never know whether it can do more harm than good to your skin.
    • Cosmetic Procedures such as chemical peels, laser therapy or dermabrasion. However, these procedures are said to cause more discoloration so don’t hesitate to ask your dermatologist on which option is best for you.
  • Take It Easy On The Sun. Vitamin D can be good for you. But too much of everything, including the sun can be harmful. If you want to prevent pigmentation of skin, then take it easy with Mr. Sun. Always wear protective gear such as sunscreen, hats and even scarves. It may not damage your skin now, but the sun has its way of getting back at you when you are older.

Illuminatural 6i: The Best Solution For Pigmented Skin

Without a doubt, there are tons of products that promise to bring your healthy, natural skin back. But the question is which among these products really work?

Illuminatural 6iTo be honest, some of the skin lightening products sold in the market can work. But if you really want unparalleled results, then you should try Illuminatural 6i.

This advanced skin lightener is a combination of clinically proven skin lighteners, plant-based sun filters, natural exfoliants, and skin brightening moisturizers that works below your skin’s surface to naturally bring back your glow.

At the same time, it prevents the excess production of melanin, removes dead, pigmented cells and helps new, lighter skin cells to rise on the surface. It is also recommended by most dermatologists, making it one of the best treatments for pigmentation of the skin.