Every person is different and unique, including skin color. Skin tone depends on the amount of skin pigment called melanin you have in your body. This means the more melanin you have, the darker your skin color and vice versa. When there is over or underproduction of melanin, your skin may experience either darkening or lightening.
One of the many concerns people experience is the lightening of the skin or hypopigmentation. This is characterized by white spots in areas of your body. Learn about the different causes, prevention and hypopigmentation treatment available in order to bring back your skin’s natural color.
What Is Hypopigmentation?
You’ve been hearing a lot about dark spots on the skin and how annoying it is to look at. However, there is another type of skin disorder that also affects a lot of people today: hypopigmentation.
Also known as skin de-pigmentation, this type of skin condition occurs when there is lack or absence of melanin, a skin pigment responsible for your skin color, in the skin. There are two common causes that will make some or all areas of your skin lighter.
- The melanocyte cells reduce the production of melanin.
- There is a decrease in tyrosine, the amino acid used by melanocytes to make melanin.
In other words, once the level of melanin dropped, it will result to lightening of the skin which may not be a good sign.
What Causes Lightening Of The Skin?
There are various factors that can cause your skin to lighten.
The most common cause why your skin lightens is when there is damage or trauma to the skin. When you experienced burns, infections, pimples, blisters, scrapes or any injury that can put trauma to your skin, it will cause your skin to become lighter.
Aside from skin injury or trauma, genetic disorders and diseases, such as albinism or vitiligo can also cause your skin to become lighter. Also, improperly administered cosmetic procedures can also make your skin lighter.
If you went through skin resurfacing treatments such as IPL, laser treatment or chemical peels then something went wrong or the person performing the procedure is incompetent and inexperienced, then you might suffer from hypopigmentation.
What Are The Different Types Of Hypopigmentation Skin Disorders?
Hypopigmentation can come in many forms such as:
- Albinism – This rare, inherited disorder is due to the absence of enzyme that produces melanin. As a result, albinos have abnormal gene that prevents the body from producing melanin. This can result to lack of pigmentation on the skin, hair, and even the eyes, causing them to look white.
Anyone from whichever race can have this type of skin disorder. However, albisnism is most common among white people. Further, people with this type of disorder should use sunscreen all the time since they are more prone to sun damage and skin cancer. And unlike other skin disorders, there is no cure for albinism. Plus, it can be difficult to cover it up too.
- Vitiligo – This type of hypopigmentation is an autoimmune disease where the pigment-producing cells are damaged.
Vitiligo causes smooth, white patches on your skin that can appear either in certain areas or all over the body.
Just like albinism, there is no cure for vitiligo. But the good news is there are various treatments available that can hide the white patches such as cosmetic cover-ups, corticosteroid creams or ultraviolet (UV) light treatments.
- Pigmentation Loss – Again, one of the most common causes of hypopigmentation is skin injury or trauma. This can result to loss of color on the affected areas of your skin. The good news is this type of condition is not permanent. But keep in mind that it will take some time to re-pigment and bring your natural color back. In the meantime, cosmetics can be used to cover the white patches.
- Pityriasis Alba – This is most common in children with dark skin. It is characterized by colorless, slightly scaly and poorly defined macules and patches on the face that is assumed to be a mild form of eczema with hypopigmentation.
What Is The Best Hypopigmentation Treatment?
Unlike dark spots, white spots can be challenging to treat. In fact, the hypopigmentation treatment options are only limited. Still, here are some of the hypopigmentation treatments you can try:
The 5 Methods That Works:
- Topical Corticosteroids – This is the most common hypopigmentation treatment used today.
- Topical Medications And Other Skin Lightening Products – This can help bleach the unaffected areas of your skin so it can blend better with the hypopigmented skin.
When it comes to skin lightening creams, Illuminatural 6i can do the trick.
It has no toxic ingredients such as mercury or bleach that can work well with all skin tones.
Plus, it comes with a 90-day money back guarantee so you can get your money back in case you are not happy with the results.
- Laser And Light-based Treatments – Such as IPL, excimer lasers and Fraxel lasers. If you decide to go through this procedure, make sure to choose a competent and experienced doctor who can perform this procedure. Remember, you want to even out your skin tone, not make it worse.
- Permanent Cosmetic Make-ups – This is advisable especially when you have not been responsive to the other medications and procedures.
- Prescription Medications – This is advisable, especially when there is a chronic skin disorder that causes your skin to lighten.
Aside from this, it is important to always consult a dermatologist on what to do with your skin condition and finding the best hypopigmentation treatment there is out there. This way, you can properly address your skin condition, instead of only making it worse by putting treatments in your own hands.
How Can I Prevent Hypopigmentation?
The truth is hypopigmentation is difficult to avoid, especially when the genes come into play. Still, there are ways you can do to help prevent the lightening of the skin. These include:
Taking care of your skin. Having a good and proper skin care routine can really do wonders.
- Protect your skin during its healing process.
The natural healing process is more prone to hypopigmentation.
Hence, stay away from the sun, do not pick scabs, or use ointments to promote the skin’s natural repair process.
- Choose your dermatologist carefully and wisely, especially when you decide to undergo cosmetic procedures.
White spots on your skin may be challenging to address. But with the right amount of time and patience, combined with the best and most suitable hypopigmentation treatment, hiding and feeling embarrassed will be out of the equation.