Due to different races and climates, humans have different hues when it comes to skin color. Some are white, some are brown and others have a dark brown complexion. Some have evenly toned skin, while others need to undergo hyperpigmentation treatment.
In general, people like their skin color to be even or a little lighter. They feel more attractive with lighter skin free of brown spots. Some people even link fairer skin with higher socio-economic status. Others do not care so much, as long as the skin is free from dark spots, scars, acne and other blemishes.
What Is Hyperpigmentation?
The science of the skin defines hyperpigmentation as an increase in melanin in a specific area that leads to its darkening. It is well known for its laymen’s term as dark spots.
Melanin is the pigment produced by the body, which influences the color of the skin. It protects the skin cells from damage by absorbing the UV rays during a person’s exposure to the sun.
In other words, melanin is the main target in pigmentation treatment. There are many reasons behind the development of dark spots or hyperpigmentation, including the following:
- Frequent Contact Of A Part Of The Body With A Certain Surface. For example, the knees are always in contact with the floor due to praying. Or the wrist is always touching the laptop or the wrist pad.
- Conditions That Cause Imbalance Of The Hormones. Such as pregnancy, which leads to signs and symptoms like melasma or chloasma.
- Too Much Exposure To The Sun. Being in the sun too long or too often can cause skin damage, leading to dark spots.
- Effects Of Smoking. Smoking damages the skin cells, along with other parts of the body.
- Inflammation, Wounds And Other Types Of Injuries. Scarring and burns can create the most noticeable spots on the skin.
- Severe Episode Of Acne. Serious acne conditions can cause dark spots, as well as scarring.
- A Manifestation Of A More Serious Health Problem. Such as Addison’s, Cushing’s and Celiac Disease, as well as Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome.
4 Home Remedies For Pigmentation
When one has a problem with the body, the usual instant reaction is to buy something from the drug store to solve the problem. However, in terms of pigmentation removal, you can find plenty of DIY solutions right inside your house, including:
1. Squeeze The Spots Away With Lemon Or Calamondin
Both belonging to the citrus family, these sour and zesty fruits are effective in lightening dark spots. Here’s how:
- Cut the lemon or calamondin in half to use the very same fruit as the applicator.
- Apply on the area desired to lighten and let it stay until dry.
- Rinse with water.
- When applied on a wide area, especially on the face, put on sun block cream or lotion.
Warning: Lemon and calamondin can both make the skin thinner making it more sensitive to the rays of the sun.
2. Soothing And Simple Aloe Vera
Aside from its soothing effect to the skin, aloe vera is a great post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation treatment, especially in cases of wounds. Using this is easy.
- Simply apply fresh aloe vera gel on affected area.
- Do not rinse after.
- Apply before bedtime, as this is the time of cell and tissue repair.
3. Rub On Red Onion Juice
This smelly spice is rich in acidic properties that can help in lightening areas of hyperpigmentation. Here are five simple steps to use it.
- Remove skin and chop red onions.
- Using a blender or juicer, make a red onion juice.
- Apply directly on the darkened area of the skin using a cotton ball.
- Leave the juice on for at least ten minutes.
- Rinse with warm water.
4. Use The Heat Of Horseradish
Like the ones mentioned above, this crop possess natural whitening properties.
Use it as a means of pigmentation removal through the following steps.
- Prepare the following ingredients: vinegar, honey and minced horseradish.
- Combine the three ingredients to create a mixture.
- Apply the mixture on the areas of hyperpigmentation and keep it on for around twenty minutes.
- Wash off with water right after.
- The mixture can make the skin more sensitive to sunrays so users should use sunblock cream or lotion for protection.
A Modern Take On Hyperpigmentation Treatment
If you want more sophisticated and advanced methods, science and technology have several things to offer, such as:
- Cryotherapy – This procedure involves applying liquid nitrogen to the area to freeze the cells, leading to less melanin production.
- Laser Peel – Light beams that are concentrated and pulsing target areas of pigmentation.
Skin layers fall away gently and slowly until a fresh, new layer underneath reveals itself.
It is a great post inflammatory hyperpigmentation treatment for severe acne cases.
- Dermabrasion – The process involves scraping off the skin in areas that have dark spots and rough edges from deep scars. It is a good post-acne treatment.
- Microdermabrasion – Also known as Diamond Peel, the outer layer of the skin, which has dead or damaged cells is gently sloughed off by a wand with a diamond at its tip.
You can also try facial solutions, like creams and toners sold in drug stores and shops that contain the following ingredients:
- Glycolic Acid And Alpha Hydroxy Acid – These two acids help even out the tone of the skin. They reveal the healthier and lighter layer of the skin by removing the layer that has dead skin cells. A lot of exfoliating products contain these acids.
- Hydroquinone – This is the major ingredient for topical skin whitening products. Having antioxidant abilities, it treats hyperpigmentation caused by hormones or sun exposure.
It is important to be extra careful during and after the pigmentation treatment. The skin may be thinner. In addition, avoid causing future hyperpigmentation. Here are some other things you should be aware of regarding your treatment:
- Follow post-procedure instructions.
- Use skin-lightening products only as directed.
- Put on sun block when going out on sunny days.
- Use umbrellas, hats and other items that can protect you from the sun.
- Take measures to avoid acne.
- Protect yourself from injury as much as possible.
Every now and then, you may have uneven skin tone and dark spots. It is a good thing that you can choose modern hyperpigmentation treatment between home remedies for pigmentation. You just need to find out which works well for you.