Having a bad case of acne is one thing, but once the acne starts clearing up another dilemma that could arise is having pinkish to brownish spots where the acne marks used to be. You might not be too sure of what it is exactly and start panicking.
You may even start looking for products that could possibly get rid of those unknown spots. Before you start to get flustered, you might want to find out more about those discoloration patches on your skin if you have a history of acne, which medical professionals term hyperpigmentation acne.
First things first, before hyperpigmentation occurs, acne is usually the first step. Depending on the type of acne that you have, mild, moderate or severe, the damage to the skin could eventually cause hyperpigmentation. Now this could be the first time you have ever heard of this term, or maybe you have heard of it in the past. However, no matter how many times you have heard it, you might not fully understand what it is exactly and what causes it.
If you think you may have hyperpigmentation acne, you need to start by finding out its causes, treatments and other essential details about it. Be more aware of what it really is and how you can possibly prevent it. Get the guidelines that you need, so that you do not cause further skin damage. Absorb as much information as you can, so that you can be more knowledgeable about this topic and get the treatment you need.
1. What Is Hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is the darkening of certain areas of the skin due to an increase in melanin, which is a pigment on the skin. If this term is not familiar to you, there is no need to worry, because it is harmless and common among many individuals.
Although it is relatively common, it could still be a nuisance for many people because it is noticeable on the skin, most often, the face. When there is hyperpigmentation on the skin, there are two main causes: the first is a high concentration of melanin, and the second is the melanocytes are becoming hyperactive.
2. What Are The Causes Of Hyperpigmentation?
There are several causes of hyperpigmentation. Like mentioned in the title, acne and hyperpigmentation are related, because acne could be the cause. Other causes could also be the following:
- Damage from exposure to the sun
- Skin injuries like acne scars
- People who have Mediterranean, African and Asian skin tones are more at risk for hyperpigmentation
- Excessive production of melanin
- Certain medical conditions such as: Addison’s disease, Cushing’s disease, Melasma, Linea nigra, celiac disease, fungal infections, Grave’s disease, Nelson’s syndrome and many more
- Exposure to some chemicals such as cisplatin, bleomycin and salicylic acid
3. How Are Hyperpigmentation And Acne Related?
Since one key cause of hyperpigmentation is acne, you may ask yourself how they relate with one another. Hyperpigmentation acne could develop when a person has moderate to severe acne that has already healed up.
But since the degree of acne is a bit worst compared to mild forms, the deeper layers of the skin are affected, which could cause discoloration even after the acne wound has healed. Another reason for hyperpigmentation to develop is constantly picking and popping your pimples.
4. Is It Possible To Treat Hyperpigmentation?
For many people, hyperpigmentation will eventually fade over some time even without treatment. Depending on a person’s skin type, it could take from three months to two years for it to fade completely, but some may take longer. The length of time for hyperpigmentation marks to heal depends on how dark the discoloration is in comparison with your skin tone. The bigger the difference of the hyperpigmentation to the natural skin tone, the longer it will take to disappear.
For people who are having more trouble with getting rid of the hyperpigmentation, there are certain treatments to try.
Consulting a dermatologist is a great idea to find out what type of methods you could use to lessen the appearance of hyperpigmentation acne.
You could bring up some products that you have heard about to gain more information regarding that specific method for getting rid of hyperpigmentation. Also, try to avoid the sun, because exposure to it may cause the discoloration get darker.
5. What Treatments Are Available For Hyperpigmentation?
You could try purchasing over the counter products for mild cases of hyperpigmentation acne. There is a wide variety of skin whitening treatments available in the market today.
Even on the internet, you could find safe and effective products such as Illuminatural 6i® Advanced Skin Lightening.
It is always a good idea to ask your dermatologist regarding products you would like to try. Many products that could be bought over the counter have a combination of vitamin A, vitamin C, glycolic acid, hydroquinone and other active ingredients that could help lighten skin.
6. How Can I Prevent Hyperpigmentation?
It is possible to prevent this discoloration, but you should have the proper guidelines in doing so.
You could try wearing sunscreen that has at least 30 SPF, especially if you are frequently out in the sun.If you have acne, avoid popping and picking at your pimples.
You could also try a mild exfoliate to remove dead skin cells from accumulating on the skin.If you have dry or sensitive skin, it is best to exfoliate at least once or twice a week.
Having hyperpigmentation on your skin is not a medical emergency, but it could definitely cause self-esteem issues, especially if you have many areas on your skin with discoloration.
You have to remember that preventing hyperpigmentation acne is always the best way to go.
But if you could not help but get pinkish to brownish spots all throughout your skin, then you could choose from a wide range of products to help you lessen the appearance of those spots. Some spots may fade, while others may respond to different products. It all depends on your skin type.