Skin and facial care have become a daily norm. Everyone, young and old, takes special care of their skin, so that they look presentable. Lifestyle changes, pollution and several other factors take a toll on your skin, the exposed area of your body.
Skin is the largest organ of the body, which provides protection to your internal system. It is therefore essential to preserve it in good health. The three step facial care routine of cleanse, exfoliate and moisturize is widely accepted. Cleansing helps clean the dirt while moisturization prevents your skin from drying. But, do you know the purpose of an exfoliating face wash?
In this article, you will learn about exfoliation and how it benefits your skin. You will also find tips on making your exfoliation process easier and more effective. Do not miss the tip that explains how you can enhance the exfoliation without causing any side effects.
1. What is Exfoliation?
Skin cells die after their full life span or due to the effects of external agents, such as environmental conditions. Dead skin cells stay on the surface, and harm the healthy skin cells by clogging the skin pores.
These accumulated dead skin cells on your skin surface can cause many unpleasant effects. You can slough off these dead cells present on your skin surface through the process of exfoliation.
Exfoliators, the particles that exfoliate your skin, usually have a gritty texture to scrub off the particles, without scratching the skin. The removal of dead skin cells exposes new ones and stimulates the production of new, healthy cells.
2. What is an Exfoliating Facial Wash?
As the name depicts, the exfoliating facial wash is for cleansing the face. You might be wondering how this is different from normal face cleaners.
Your usual cleansers do the basic job of removing dirt and oil from your face. There are also simple exfoliants, which removes the dead cells. An exfoliating facial cleanser combines the work of both these products. In addition, you may also find exfoliating scrub for whole body, which can polish your skin’s surface and rejuvenate you from head to toe.
Using the best exfoliating face wash becomes necessary when you want to remove the dead skin cells and reveal the radiant new skin lying beneath.
3. Why is it Necessary to Exfoliate?
Experts’ advise that exfoliation is the core regimen of a healthy skin. Until recent times, people have not recognized the significance of exfoliation. Here are some valid reasons why you should consider exfoliating your facial skin:
- Remove Dead Skin Cells: The rejuvenating capacity of the skin and the body as a whole decreases with age. The skin cells undergo a cycle of renewal with the generation of new cells, when your skin naturally sloughs off old cells.
In your youth, removal of dead skin cells takes place in an active manner. Exfoliation becomes a necessity as you age as cell turnover slows down. You need to do the removal of dead cells manually in order to prevent it from clogging skin pores and causing pimples.
- Regeneration of the Dermal Layer: The skin consists of three main layers. The outer dermal layer is the one that requires regeneration to look fresh and shining. With gentle exfoliation, you can stimulate this layer and enhance the removal of dead skin cells.
Although effective, you should be careful that you don’t use excess pressure while massaging your skin with an exfoliating scrub or cleanser. Just a slight touch is enough to ward away the dead cells.
- Get a Better Shave: Men can get a clean and better shave after they have exfoliated their skin and removed the obstructive dead skin layer. However, strive to find the best exfoliating face wash for men, since exfoliating scrubs for women are a bit gentler.
- Even Makeup and Tanning: You get an even and fresh skin surface from applying makeup after you exfoliate since exfoliation reveals smooth skin. Exfoliation also gives an even tone while using self-tanners.
- Look Shining: As you age, the dead skin cells accumulate on your skin making it look dull and patchy. By using an exfoliant, your skin gets rid of dead cells and clogged pores. This also makes way for the anti-aging products to become effective by increased penetration into the skin.
4. Know Your Options: Know the Exfoliants
There are different ways to exfoliation:
- Manual: Mechanical methods, such as a granulated face scrub or other mechanical agents, work to remove the dead skin cells. Abrasive ingredients such as sugar, salt, pumice, crushed apricot kernel and microbeads are included into the exfoliating face wash to make it into an exfoliating scrub.
You can also use exfoliating tools such as loofahs, sponges, microfiber cloths, exfoliation sheets or brushes. Never use rough granules like walnut shells, as they can scratch the skin and cause damage.
- Microdermabrasion: It is a complicated mechanical exfoliation method, which yields effective results. The specialist uses the crystal flakes to pull out the dead cells in order to reveal a fresh layer of skin cells. Nowadays, dermatologists use the latest diamond dermabrasion technique, as it does not let off dust or powder during use.
- Chemical Exfoliation: This is an exfoliating facial scrub that contains ingredients such as salicylic acid, glycolic acid and citric acid, which have the power to break the bonding between the cells and aid in its removal.
- Vinotherapy: The left over from wine production contains the seeds that act as manual exfoliants. In addition, the polyphenals found in grape seeds help to fight free radicals. This extract is used as a body and face exfoliant.
5. How Often Should You Exfoliate?
A vast majority of people confine their daily skin care regimen to simple cleansing and moisturizing. Missing out the step of exfoliation can cause damage to the skin in a long run.
Even though exfoliation is necessary, you don’t have to exfoliate every day. Too much of an abrasive treatment will leave your skin dry and lifeless, instead of giving it the shine. The frequency of exfoliation depends upon your skin type.
- Oily Skin: You can determine your skin type by cleansing the face and patting with the tissue paper after an hour. If the tissue blotching has grease, you have oily skin.
When you have an oily skin, the dead cells tend to stick more to your skin. Most people use hot water to remove the dirt from oily face, but they are not aware of the fact that it may damage their delicate skin.
The best regimen is to use lukewarm water with an exfoliating facial cleanser. However, you should not use it every day, but only when you feel your skin is looking dull and lifeless. The more oily the skin, the more will be the need for exfoliation.
- Sensitive Skin: Do proper research when buying an exfoliating face wash for sensitive skin. Only use gentle cleansers, as sensitive skin is prone to irritation and rashes.
Avoid using loofahs or other mechanical exfoliants on sensitive skin; you may instead scrub your face gently with washcloth. Use a disposable washcloth, as contaminated ones can cause infection. Do not scrub more than once a week.
- Dry Skin: One of the most imperative things you should follow if you have dry skin is to use an exfoliant and follow up with a good moisturizer. Make sure that you don’t over-dry your skin. You need to exfoliate less frequently: just once per month is enough.
- Normal Skin: Even though you are among the lucky ones who have relatively blemish-free skin, you still need to exfoliate. You can use either a scrub or exfoliator. Scrubs with jojoba seeds are usually gentler on the skin than harsh ones and better for the environment, than scrubs with plastic micro-beads.
6. Quick Exfoliation Tips When You Are Short of Time
Even though you know the significance of exfoliation, sometimes you are unable to find time for skin treatments such as exfoliation. Here are a few quick skin treatment options that will take less than five minutes.
- Use antimicrobial exfoliating gloves to clean your face and body when you are showering.
- Mix one cup of Epsom salt with half a cup of olive oil. Apply this scrub onto your body just before your bath. It is a healing exfoliating facial wash.
- Use a pumice stone for the feet.
- Exfoliate in the morning, as the skin is rather open and fresh early in the day.
- Mix up mashed banana with honey and wheat germ to make an exfoliating scrub mask. Apply on to the face and rub. Wash in five minutes.
- Take a long warm shower and use a best exfoliating cleanser for washing your face and body.
- Mix one teaspoon of olive oil with two teaspoons of sugar. Sugar works as the mechanical exfoliator while oil acts as the moisturizer. Use these mask on your skin for 30 minutes before washing.
- Milk contains lactic acid which is an exfoliator in itself. Add two cups of rich milk to your bath tub along with half a cup of honey, and soak yourself in it for a few minutes.
7. Top 10 Natural Exfoliants
There are several ways by which you can achieve exfoliation. You can visit a dermatology clinic or a spa. You can also explore the goodness of simple natural ingredients from your shelf and use them on your skin.
- Honey: It has antioxidant and anti-microbial properties. Honey helps in removing the free radicals present on the skin and doubles up as a moisturizer.
- Yogurt: When you buy exfoliants, you may have seen alpha-hydroxy acid listed as one of the ingredients on the label. Lactic acid in yoghurt soothes and smoothens the skin.
- Sugar: Sugar contains glycolic acid, which breaks the bonding of the dead cells with the skin surface and removes it. Alpha-hydroxy acid or AHA in sugar makes it an effective exfoliant.
- Oatmeal: It is gritty and also gentle, and therefore works for people with sensitive skin.
- Lemon Juice: It contains AHA and works to slough off the dead skin cells.
- The “P” fruits: Pineapple, pumpkin and pomegranates contain alpha hydroxy acids and enzymes that exfoliate the dead skin cells effectively.
8. DIY Exfoliating Face Scrub: Easy Treatment for Effective Rejuvenation
Make your own natural exfoliator at home with simple ingredients. The next time you go to the grocery store, make a note of these ingredients, too.
- Baking Soda Scrub: The internet is loaded with various non-food related uses of baking soda. You can add one to the list because of its exfoliating property. The smooth and soft grains of baking soda helps provide a gentle cleanse. By adding a little baking soda to your usual face washes, you can easily convert it into an exfoliating cleanser.
- Sugar Scrub: Use granulated white or brown sugar with soft granules. Mix a teaspoon of these granules with a few drops of honey. Honey is popular for its antimicrobial and oxidative properties. Add a little lemon to this mix for the bleaching effect. Use it as an exfoliating face scrub.
- Coffee Treatment: A cup of coffee can awaken your senses. Fortunately, it has the same effect on your skin, as it works as a skin stimulant. Mix one teaspoon of coffee granules with a few drops of olive oil for moisturization and exfoliation.
- Oatmeal for Sensitive Skin: When you are having oats for breakfast, grind a little oatmeal and add milk to make a paste. Apply on your face and neck rinse after 20 minutes.
9. Exfoliation and Aging
With increase in age, several changes take place in the body, and the most prominent ones are the fine lines and wrinkles on the face. You can easily prevent these signs of premature aging with exfoliation.
Collagen and elastin are the fibers that keep your skin taut elastic. Your body creates less of collagen as you age. This decrease in collagen synthesis is often accelerated due to external agents like lifestyle and sun damage.
Dead skin cells further clogs your skin pores and worsen the situation. Exfoliants stimulate collagen production, exfoliates free radicals and increases blood supply to the skin layer and, in turn, nourishes your skin.
10. Be Sure to Use the Right Way of Exfoliating
You might suddenly notice that there are dry patches on your skin after you get up in the morning. You add more moisturizer, but the step you actually missed is exfoliation. Here is what you can do:
- Understand the Dry Areas of your Face: Spend some time on your face. Check in the mirror and notice it closely to understand the dry patches. While exfoliating concentrate on the dry, flaky and dull areas.
- Use Circular Motions to Massage Your Skin: People feel that the more the pressure you apply on your skin during exfoliation, the better the removal of the grime. The scrub already has granules that will effectively do their work, so be gentle. Work upward with your scrub in gentle motions, so that your skin becomes tight and smooth.
- Use Warm Water: Use warm water to massage your skin as it opens up the pores and provides better penetration to exfoliants.
- Check for any Irritation or Redness: In case of any discomfort while using a certain product or mechanical device, stop its use immediately.
- Do Moisturize: After cleansing, moisturize your skin with a suitable moisturizer. This will further make your skin supple.
11. Cloths, Brushes, Scrubs and Peels: The Best Exfoliators for Your Face
A few of the best exfoliators are as follows:
- Facial Scrubs: There is a wide range of scrubs available on the market. Scrubs with mild abrasives are better when compared to harsh ones regardless of your skin type.
- Facial Brushes: Like the body brush, facial brush is also an effective exfoliating device. There are manual and battery powered facial brushes. It is an alternative to using your fingertips and gives gentle massage to the skin.
- Chemical Peels: AHA laden chemical peels are now available on the market without prescription. The medium and stronger peels contain trichloroacetic acid and phenol respectively.
- Washcloths: This is the simplest of the exfoliator; however, use a clean washcloth or a disposable one to prevent infection threat.
- Moisturizers: Some moisturizers come with exfoliating property. An exfoliator is not just about the gritty texture, but also the ingredients that contribute towards the exfoliation property.
12. Use Natural Skin Treatments
One effective skin lightening solutions – Skinception Illuminatural 6i provides multiple benefits to user. It helps remove blemishes, lightens your skin as well as does exfoliation. It contains natural components that are rich in nutrients and antioxidant properties.
13. What Should You Know About An Exfoliating Face Wash for Men?
It is not just women who take care of their looks and skin health. Nowadays, men are equally aware of their face value. There is a misconception that men have a rough and tough skin compared to women; however, this is not true.
There are men with all kinds of skin types, and thus, they need skin care products that suit their needs. They should find a good scrub that will not damage their skin, but rather remove the dirt and grime.
Exfoliation helps men to enjoy a smooth and close shave. Exfoliation open up your skin pores and lighten skin. Since men are often more exposed to dirt, they need to scrub twice or thrice in a week.
14. Fighting Blemishes, Dirt and Bacteria: Exfoliation Makes Your Skin Smooth and Supple
Exfoliation helps improve various skin issues, such as:
- Blemished Skin: For treating acne, you need acne products which help remove the causative bacteria. Although effective, these products dry the skin excessively and make way for further breakouts, which reiterate the acne cycle. By using a mild exfoliator, you can keep dryness away and eliminate acne causing bacteria.
- Acne Spots: After blemishes and acne, your skin develops red or black spots. You can peel off the outer blemished skin with a proper exfoliation treatment.
- Unclog the Pores: Pores are mostly whiteheads or blackheads. You can prevent oil deposition and clogged pores by removing the top layer of skin.
- Hyperpigmentation: There are several causes of pigmentation, such as aging, pregnancy or hormonal influence. Exfoliation breaks up the skin pigmented cells and reduces the brown patches.
- Dry Skin: During winter, people usually apply moisturizer to hydrate their skin. However, they are unaware of the fact that they applying lotions over the dead skin layers, which does not serve any purpose. When you apply treatments or lotions on the fresh exfoliated skin, they penetrate deeper and provide effective results.
15. Over Exfoliation: Avoid the Risks Using These Top Precautions
Anything done the wrong way will make things worse. The same applies to exfoliation. The wrong products or the wrong method of use may degrade your skin’s health. Here are some ways to prevent side effects caused by exfoliation:
- No need to exfoliate daily. Even for oily skin, experts don’t recommend daily scrubbing. You can use chemical exfoliators on alternate days. Use only best exfoliating face wash to treat your skin.
- Choose the right scrub. Harshly granulated scrubs are not for the sensitive skin as they can damage it. Gentle granules like jojoba beads or grain beads can be useful. Prevent facial scrubs with fragrance as it can cause irritation.
- Go gentle to avoid exerting excess pressure on your skin. This can lead to rashes and irritation. Gentle circulation motion is the key. It also increases blood circulation to the skin.
- Always wet your face before exfoliation. The extent of the damage that dry skin scrubbing may cause can be devastating to your skin’s health.
You cannot just walk into a supermarket and pick any exfoliating face wash. There are specific ones for men and women. Use these tips, and also take your time to choose the right product.