Dark Spots on Skin

Dark Spots on Skin: The 6 Types and How to Treat Them

Whether you are born with it or you acquired it at some point in your life, dark spots on skin can go from disturbing to disgusting. After all, who would want brown spots on their skin right? And because of this, it’s no wonder that a lot of men and women, including yourself, are doing everything it takes just to get rid of those spots.

You’ve read countless times that black spots on skin can be caused by different factors with corresponding treatments depending on the cause. But which among them are telling the truth? Find out everything you need to know about dark spots – from the different types of spots, to causes, treatments and prevention. Plus find out the best dark spot remover today.

Hyperpigmentation, Explained

Call it whatever you want – dark spots, brown spots, age spots or liver spots. One thing is for sure, those spots that can be annoying to look at belong to a single category: hyperpigmentation.

It is a term used to describe a darkly pigmented skin brought about by the excess production of melanin in the body.

Melanin is responsible for giving your hair and skin their color. When there is too much melanin production, dark spots may appear in different portions of your body such as your face, neck, chest and arms.

There are many reasons why you have dark spots on your skin. For instance, any skin injury or disease such as acne or eczema can trigger the skin to produce more melanin which may result to brown or black spots. Certain skin procedures like chemical peel and laser therapy may also lead to dark spots. Also, too much sun exposure or the effects of certain drug medications are also some of the reasons why you have those unwanted spots on your body.

6 Different Types Of Dark Spots On Skin

It may seem like simple brown spots on skin but those spots have their own meaning. Take a look at the different types of dark spots that may appear on your skin, plus a peek on what causes it too.

  • birthmarkBirthmarks: These are the types of marks that appear at or after birth. It comes in various shapes, sizes and colors.
    Up to this day, the causes of birthmarks are still unknown although some experts suggest that it is due to blood vessel deformities that happen as early as the embryo’s first month.
    For some, birthmarks may disappear while for others, it stays with them forever.
  • Moles: In the medical world, moles are known as pigmented naevi. When the pigment melanin thickens, it can result to brown to black spots in your body that are either raised or flat. As you age, moles can also grow or disappear.
  • Liver Spots: Do not worry. Liver spots have nothing to do with your liver and its health and function. This type of dark spots on skin is most common among people after 40. Liver spots are usually flat, brown or black spots that appear due to aging or exposure to the sun or other sources of ultraviolet light.
    Hence, expect liver spots to appear on areas that are mostly exposed to the sun: face, forearms, forehead and shoulders.
  • Age Spots: The aging process is not a very appealing stage. Aside from menopause and health conditions, age spots or those spots that appear on your face, chest and hands as you age will also happen.
    It may look like freckles but age spots are larger and more irregular in shape.
    Some of the available treatments are lightening creams and laser therapy.
  • MelasmaWomen are more prone to this especially when they are pregnant (more prominent during the second half of pregnancy) or taking birth control pills.
    Hormones and pills can increase your body’s production of melanin which can result to uneven brown spots on face and chest.
  • Vitiligo: Two words: Michael Jackson. This is characterized by total loss of pigment that affects 1% of the population. Some of the possible causes for this condition are abnormal nerve cells that prevent the body’s production of pigment or autoimmune reaction when the pigment cells are attacked.

Therefore, it is important to consult a dermatologist to find out the type of dark spots you have plus the exact factors that causes it. Once the problem is properly diagnosed, both the condition that causes dark spots and the hyperpigmentation itself will both be treated.

A Glimpse On The Different Treatments Available

The good news is there are many ways that can help you get rid of those unwanted blotches and even out your skin tone. Some of the treatments that can remove dark spots on skin are:

  • Skin Lightening Creams: This type of treatment contains ingredients such as hydroquinone, kojic acid, retinol and azelaic acid that are proven to reduce skin pigmentation.
    This can be bought over the counter or by doctor’s prescription, depending on the severity and expected results that you want.
    Illuminatural 6iAn example of an effective lightening cream is Illuminatural 6i.
    It can remove all sorts of dark spots, thanks to its clinically prove skin lighteners, while making sure that the production of melanin is completely blocked.
    Plus, it has natural exfoliants to remove dark pigmented cells and promote healthy skin cell regeneration.
  • Chemical Peels: This is an effective way to reduce pigmentation and even out the skin tone. There are different types of peels that can range from milder (glycolic acid, lactic, etc) to stronger peels (TCA and phenol peels) that deeply penetrates into the skin.
    While it may be effective, it requires several treatments before you can see results.
    At the same time, there are risks associated with it such as irritation, redness and even further skin discoloration.
  • Laser TreatmentLaser treatments vary from Q-switched, IPL, fractional lasers among others. It is also effective in removing dark spots on skin without having to combine other treatments.

Can It Still Be Prevented?

Of course! Prevention is better than cure and when it comes to dark spots on skin, there are other precautionary measures you can do. If you want to prevent dark spots from happening, here are some useful tips that can actually prevent it.

  • Always use a sunscreenAlways use a sunscreen with at least 30 SPF.
  • Limit sun exposure. Otherwise, wear the necessary protection.
  • Treat any existing skin conditions and do not wait for it to get worse.
  • Do not scratch your skin, especially when you have wounds.

The bottom line is dark spots on skin can be both treated and prevented. And again, do not hesitate to consult a dermatologist about your spots. Better be safe than sorry.